IC Markets Asia Fundamental Forecast | 11 July 2024

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IC Markets Asia Fundamental Forecast | 11 July 2024

What happened in the U.S. session?

Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell concluded the second day of his Congressional testimony on the Semi-Annual Monetary Policy Report before the House Financial Services Committee where he commented on the weakening labour market; the unemployment rate rose from 3.8% in March to 4.1% in June while non-farm payrolls (NFPs) experienced significant downward revisions for the months of April and May. These remarks have been construed by markets that the Fed is strongly considering the first interest rate cut at September’s FOMC meeting – the CME FedWatch Tool, as of 10th July 2024, has a 70% probability of a 25-basis point cut for this meeting. The dollar index (DXY) hit a high of 105.10 before reversing to dip under the 105-level by the end of this session.

What does it mean for the Asia Session?

The DXY continued its downward slide this morning while prices for spot gold climbed towards $2,380/oz. Crude oil – which saw a decline of over 2% in the beginning of the week – reversed sharply overnight. WTI oil rebounded off the $81-level to bounce strongly and rise above $82.80 per barrel – prices have breached $83 and the bullish momentum looks set to extend further as the day progresses.

The Dollar Index (DXY)

Key news events today

CPI (12:30 pm GMT)

Unemployment Claims (12:30 pm GMT)

What can we expect from DXY today?

After easing in May, inflation is once again anticipated to moderate lower for the month of June. Headline CPI is forecasted to drop from 3.3% in May down to 3.1% YoY – should overall inflation cool for the second consecutive month, the dollar is bound to face strong overhead pressures.

Meanwhile, unemployment claims have risen in recent weeks to signal potential ‘cracks’ in the labour market with the 4-week average now moving up to 238K. This week’s estimate stands at 236K and should claims surprise to the upside for the seventh time in eight weeks, it could function as a massive bearish catalyst for the dollar.

Central Bank Notes:

  • The Federal Funds Rate target range remained unchanged at 5.25% to 5.50% for the seventh meeting in a row.
  • The Committee seeks to achieve maximum employment and inflation at the rate of 2% over the longer run and judges that the risks to achieving its employment and inflation goals have moved toward better balance over the past year.
  • The economic outlook is uncertain, and the Committee remains highly attentive to inflation risks. Inflation has eased over the past year but remains elevated and in recent months, there has been modest further progress toward the Committee’s 2% inflation objective.
  • Recent indicators suggest that economic activity has continued to expand at a solid pace while job gains have remained strong, and the unemployment rate has remained low.
  • In considering any adjustments to the target range for the federal funds rate, the Committee will carefully assess incoming data, the evolving outlook, and the balance of risks and does not expect it will be appropriate to reduce the target range until it has gained greater confidence that inflation is moving sustainably toward 2%.
  • In assessing the appropriate stance of monetary policy, the Committee will continue to monitor the implications of incoming information for the economic outlook and would be prepared to adjust the stance of monetary policy as appropriate if risks emerge that could impede the attainment of the Committee’s goals.
  • In addition, the Committee will continue reducing its holdings of Treasury securities and agency debt and agency mortgage-backed securities. Beginning in June, the Committee will slow the pace of decline of its securities holdings by reducing the monthly redemption cap on Treasury securities from $60 billion to $25 billion.
  • The Committee will maintain the monthly redemption cap on agency debt and agency mortgage-backed securities at $35 billion and will reinvest any principal payments in excess of this cap into Treasury securities.
  • Next meeting runs from 30 to 31 July 2024.

Next 24 Hours Bias

Weak Bearish


Gold (XAU)

Key news events today

CPI (12:30 pm GMT)

Unemployment Claims (12:30 pm GMT)

What can we expect from Gold today?

After easing in May, inflation is once again anticipated to moderate lower for the month of June. Headline CPI is forecasted to drop from 3.3% in May down to 3.1% YoY – should overall inflation cool for the second consecutive month, gold should receive a strong boost.

Meanwhile, unemployment claims have risen in recent weeks to signal potential ‘cracks’ in the labour market with the 4-week average now moving up to 238K. This week’s estimate stands at 236K and should claims surprise to the upside for the seventh time in eight weeks, it could function as a massive bullish catalyst for this precious metal.

Next 24 Hours Bias

Weak Bullish


The Australian Dollar (AUD)

Key news events today

No major news events.

What can we expect from AUD today?

The Aussie rose above its near-term resistance of 0.6750 this morning and was rising towards 0.6770 as Asian markets came online – these are the support and resistance levels for today.

Support: 0.6750

Resistance: 0.6825

Central Bank Notes:

  • The RBA kept the cash rate target unchanged at 4.35%, marking the ninth pause out of the last ten board meetings.
  • Over the year to April, the monthly CPI indicator rose by 3.6% in headline terms, and by 4.1% excluding volatile items and holiday travel, which was similar to its pace in December 2023.
  • The central forecasts published in May were for inflation to return to the target range of 2–3% in the second half of 2025 and to the midpoint in 2026 while there have been indications that momentum in economic activity is weak, including slow growth in GDP, a rise in the unemployment rate and slower-than-expected wages growth.
  • Inflation is easing but has been doing so more slowly than previously expected and it remains high and the Board expects that it will be some time yet before inflation is sustainably in the target range.
  • The path of interest rates that will best ensure that inflation returns to target in a reasonable timeframe remains uncertain and the Board is not ruling anything in or out.
  • Next meeting is on 6 August 2024.

Next 24 Hours Bias

Medium Bullish


The Kiwi Dollar (NZD)

Key news events today

No major news events.

What can we expect from NZD today?

Following the RBNZ’s decision to hold the official cash rate steady at 5.5% for the eighth consecutive board meeting yesterday, the Kiwi tumbled almost 0.7% to fall as low as 0.6065 at its lowest point. This currency pair was trading around 0.6095 at the beginning of the Asia session – these are the support and resistance levels for today.

Support: 0.6070

Resistance: 0.6115

Central Bank Notes:

  • The Monetary Policy Committee kept the OCR unchanged at 5.50% for the eighth meeting in a row and agreed that restrictive monetary policy is reducing domestic demand and consumer price inflation.
  • The Committee is confident that inflation will return to within its 1-3% target range over the second half of 2024.
  • The decline in inflation reflects receding domestic pricing pressures, as well as lower inflation for goods and services imported into New Zealand while recent monthly Selected Price Indexes suggest weakening in some of the more volatile inflation components, while survey measures of cost pressures and pricing intentions have continued to decline.
  • Non-performing bank loans and corporate insolvencies have increased from low levels in line with declining economic activity while bank credit growth also remains very subdued, in line with weakness in the domestic economy and low business and consumer confidence.
  • Next meeting is on 14 August 2024.

Next 24 Hours Bias

Weak Bearish


The Japanese Yen (JPY)

Key news events today

No major news events.

What can we expect from JPY today?

Despite comments by Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell on the slowdown in the U.S. labour markets based on recent data, USD/JPY remains elevated due to the significant weakness in the yen. This currency pair was rising towards 161.80 as Asian markets came online – these are the support and resistance levels for today.

Support: 161.40

Resistance: 162.00

Central Bank Notes:

  • The Bank considers that the policy framework of Quantitative and Qualitative Monetary Easing (QQE) with Yield Curve Control and the negative interest rate policy to date have fulfilled their roles. With the price stability target of 2%, it will conduct monetary policy as appropriate, guiding the short-term interest rate as a primary policy tool.
  • The Bank of Japan decided on the following measures:
    1. The Bank will encourage the uncollateralized overnight call rate to remain at around 0 to 0.1% while continuing its Japanese government bonds (JGB) purchases in accordance with the decisions made at the March 2024 MPM.
    2. The Bank decided, by an 8-1 majority vote, that it would reduce its purchase amount of JGBs thereafter to ensure that long-term interest rates would be formed more freely in financial markets.
  • Underlying CPI inflation is expected to increase gradually, since it is projected that the output gap will improve and that medium- to long-term inflation expectations will rise with a virtuous cycle between wages and prices continuing to intensify.
  • In the second half of the projection period of the April 2024 Outlook for Economic Activity and Prices (Outlook Report), it is likely to be at a level that is generally consistent with the price stability target of 2%.
  • The year-on-year rate of increase in the CPI (all items less fresh food), has been in the range of 2.0-2.5% recently, as services prices have continued to rise moderately, reflecting factors such as wage increases, although the effects of a pass-through to consumer prices of cost increases led by the past rise in import prices have waned. Inflation expectations have risen moderately.
  • Japan’s economy has recovered moderately, although some weakness has been seen in part while is likely to keep growing at a pace above its potential growth rate, with overseas economies continuing to grow moderately and as a virtuous cycle from income to spending gradually intensifies against the background of factors such as accommodative financial conditions.
  • Next meeting is on 31 July 2024.

Next 24 Hours Bias

Weak Bullish


The Euro (EUR)

Key news events today

Germany CPI (6:00 am GMT)

What can we expect from EUR today?

The final CPI reading for Germany will be released today and it is expected to show inflationary pressures dissipating further. Headline CPI is anticipated to rise just 0.1% MoM for the second month in a row – a result that could weaken the Euro before the start of the European trading hours.

Central Bank Notes:

  • The Governing Council today decided to lower the three key ECB interest rates by 25 basis points after nine months of holding rates steady.
  • Accordingly, the interest rate on the main refinancing operations and the interest rates on the marginal lending facility and the deposit facility will be decreased to 4.25%, 4.50% and 3.75% respectively, with effect from 12 June 2024.
  • Since September 2023, inflation has fallen by more than 2.5% and the inflation outlook has improved markedly while underlying inflation has also eased, reinforcing the signs that price pressures have weakened, and inflation expectations have declined at all horizons.
  • At the same time, despite the progress over recent quarters, domestic price pressures remain strong as wage growth is elevated, and inflation is likely to stay above target well into next year – the latest Eurosystem staff projections for both headline and core inflation have been revised up for 2024 and 2025 compared with the March projections.
  • Projections now show headline inflation averaging 2.5% in 2024, 2.2% in 2025 and 1.9% in 2026 while economic growth is expected to pick up to 0.9% in 2024, 1.4% in 2025 and 1.6% in 2026.
  • The Council also confirmed that it will reduce the Eurosystem’s holdings of securities under the pandemic emergency purchase programme (PEPP) by €7.5 billion per month on average over the second half of the year.
  • The Council is determined to ensure that inflation returns to its 2% medium-term target in a timely manner and will keep policy rates sufficiently restrictive for as long as necessary to achieve this aim and is not pre-committing to a particular rate path.
  • Next meeting is on 18 July 2024.

Next 24 Hours Bias

Medium Bullish


The Swiss Franc (CHF)

Key news events today

No major news events.

What can we expect from CHF today?

The overnight comments by Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell have caused USD/CHF to retreat from its recent high of 0.9000. This currency pair was trading around 0.8985 at the beginning of the Asia session – these are the support and resistance levels for today.

Support: 0.8950

Resistance: 0.9000

Central Bank Notes:

  • The SNB eased monetary policy by lowering its key policy rate by 25 basis points for the second consecutive meeting, going from 1.50% to 1.25% in June.
  • The underlying inflationary pressure has decreased again compared to the previous quarter but inflation had risen slightly since the last monetary policy assessment, and stood at 1.4% in May.
  • The inflation forecast puts average annual inflation at 1.3% for 2024, 1.1% for 2025 and 1.0% for 2026, based on the assumption that the SNB policy rate is 1.25% over the entire forecast horizon.
  • Swiss GDP growth was moderate in the first quarter of 2024 with the services sector continuing to expand, while manufacturing stagnated.
  • Growth is likely to remain moderate in Switzerland in the coming quarters as the SNB anticipates GDP growth of around 1% this year while currently expecting growth of around 1.5% for 2025.
  • Next meeting is on 26 September 2024.

Next 24 Hours Bias

Weak Bearish


The Pound (GBP)

Key news events today

GDP (6:00 am GMT)

What can we expect from GBP today?

GDP output in the U.K. was relatively strong in the first quarter of 2024 with the monthly growth rate averaging an output of 0.3%. After stagnating in April, May’s estimate of 0.2% points to minor rebound in economic activity. Should the latest result surprise to the upside, it could function as a bullish catalyst for the Pound.

Central Bank Notes:

  • The Bank of England’s Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) voted by a majority of 7-to-2 to maintain its Official Bank Rate at 5.25% for the seventh consecutive meeting.
  • Two members preferred to reduce the Bank Rate by 25 basis points to 5%, an increase of one from the previous meeting.
  • Twelve-month CPI inflation fell to 2.0% in May from 3.2% in March, close to the May Monetary Policy Report projection. CPI inflation is expected to rise slightly in the second half of this year, as declines in energy prices last year fall out of the annual comparison.
  • Reflecting a margin of slack in the economy, CPI inflation had been projected to be 1.9% in two years’ time and 1.6% in three years.
  • UK GDP appears to have grown more strongly than expected during the first half of this year. Business surveys, however, remain consistent with a slower pace of underlying growth, of around 0.25% per quarter.
  • UK real GDP had increased by 0.6% in 2024 Q1, 0.2% stronger than had been expected in the May Monetary Policy Report and Bank staff now expect GDP growth of 0.5% in 2024 Q2 as a whole, stronger than the 0.2% rate that had been incorporated in the May Report.
  • The MPC remains prepared to adjust monetary policy as warranted by economic data to return inflation to the 2% target sustainably. It will therefore continue to monitor closely indications of persistent inflationary pressures and resilience in the economy as a whole, including a range of measures of the underlying tightness of labour market conditions, wage growth and services price inflation.
  • Next meeting is on 1 August 2024.

Next 24 Hours Bias

Weak Bullish


The Canadian Dollar (CAD)

Key news events today

No major news events.

What can we expect from CAD today?

Weak demand for the greenback has pushed USD/CAD lower in recent weeks. This currency pair was trading around 1.3615 at the beginning of the Asia session – these are the support and resistance levels for today.

Support: 1.3590

Resistance: 1.3645

Central Bank Notes:

  • The Bank of Canada reduced its target for the overnight rate by 25 basis points to 4.75% while continuing its policy of balance sheet normalization.
  • Canada’s economic growth resumed in the first quarter of 2024 after stalling in the second half of last year. At 1.7%, first-quarter GDP growth was slower than forecast in the MPR but consumption growth was solid at about 3%, and business investment and housing activity also increased.
  • Inflation remains above the 2% target and shelter price inflation is high but total CPI inflation has declined consistently over the course of this year, and indicators of underlying inflation increasingly point to a sustained easing.
  • CPI inflation has eased from 3.4% in December to 2.7% in April while the preferred measures of core inflation have come down from about 3.5% last December to about 2.75% in April and the 3-month rate of core inflation slowed from about 3.5% in December to under 2% in March and April.
  • In the labour market, businesses are continuing to hire workers as employment has been growing, but at a slower pace than the working-age population while elevated wage pressures look to be moderating gradually.
  • The Governing Council is closely watching the evolution of core inflation and remains particularly focused on the balance between demand and supply in the economy, inflation expectations, wage growth, and corporate pricing behaviour.
  • Recent data has increased the council’s confidence that inflation will continue to move towards the 2% target. Nonetheless, risks to the inflation outlook remain.
  • Next meeting is on 24 July 2024.

Next 24 Hours Bias

Weak Bullish


Oil

Key news events today

No major news events.

What can we expect from Oil today?

Crude oil – which saw a decline of over 2% in the beginning of the week – reversed sharply overnight as a higher-than-anticipated drawdown in the EIA inventories functioned as a strong bullish catalyst. Inventories were forecasted to increase by 0.7M barrels of crude but dropped by 3.4M barrels instead. WTI oil rebounded off the $81-level to bounce strongly and rise above $82.80 per barrel – prices have breached $83 and the bullish momentum looks set to extend further as the day progresses.

Next 24 Hours Bias

Medium Bullish


The post IC Markets Asia Fundamental Forecast | 11 July 2024 first appeared on IC Markets | Official Blog.